Spot the signs of osteoarthritis in cats early to avoid suffering
Guest post by: Kathy Mercure
You know the saying “hindsight is 20/20”? Looking back, I can see it all so clearly now. I don’t want any other cat lover to go through seeing your cat in pain with osteoarthritis the way I did, so I’m going to share what I wish I had known a month ago when New Brunswick’s heat and humidity hit.
I’ve been detailing Minuit and my journey together since I first adopted him in March with stories about adjusting to an adopted older cat, switching to raw food, and finally outdoor success on a leash. I thought I was done, but then over 5 weeks he became a different cat. Now I know why.
Osteoarthritis in cats is very common!
Did you know that in a study published in 2002, 90% of cats over 12 years of age had evidence of degenerative joint disease? More recent studies have shown x-ray evidence of arthritis in between 60% and more than 90% of cats. All these studies show that arthritis is actually very common in cats, that it is much more common (and more severe) in older cats, and that the shoulders, hips, elbows, knees, and ankles are the most commonly affected joints.1.
The sad truth is that only 7% of cats who have arthritis are treated for it.2
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis (OA) happens when the normal cartilage that cushions the joint degenerates and is worn away, resulting in inflammation and discomfort in and around the joint. Just like in humans, it often happens with aging, but can also be caused by obesity, genetic traits, injury, or as a secondary condition of certain diseases.
Signs of osteoarthritis
Since Minuit was a stray cat and it’s hard to accurately pinpoint a cat’s age unless you have had him from kittenhood, the vet who checked him out gave him the age of 8, likely based on his:
- teeth (yellowed, but otherwise healthy)
- coarse fur around his shoulders (he’s actually going grey)
- loose skin on his belly (a normal sign of aging)
When I first got Minuit, I started giving him Omega 3s for his dandruff, and then switched him to raw food, both of which helped boost his youth factor. Now I would wager he is at least 12 years of age — when most cats start having symptoms of osteoarthritis.
He was fantastically healthy for a former stray cat of his age, but looking back, as soon as the heat and humidity hit in mid-July, he started playing less during the day, running around like crazy before bed, and more gradually, stopped jumping up to get a cats-eye view of his surroundings.
Here are the signs of osteoarthritis3:
- Reluctance, hesitance, or refusal to jump up or down
- Jumping up to lower surfaces than previously
- Jumping up or down less frequently
- Difficulty going up or down stairs
- Stiffness in the legs, especially after sleeping or resting for a while; occasionally there may be obvious lameness
- Difficulty using the litter tray
- Difficulty going through the cat flap
- Increased time spent resting or sleeping
- Not hunting or exploring the outdoor environment as frequently
- Sleeping in different, easier to access sites
- Reduced interaction and playing less with people or other animals
Changes in grooming
- Reduced frequency of time spent grooming
- Matted and scruffy coat
- Sometimes overgrooming of painful joints
- Overgrown claws due to lack of activity and reduced sharpening of claws
- More irritable or grumpy when handled or stroked
- More irritable or grumpy in contact with other animals
- Spending more time alone
- Avoiding interaction with people and/or animals
So many signs that I missed! It’s easy for me to say that if this happens to you, don’t beat yourself up like I did, but I hope this helps you before he gets as bad as Minuit before I acted.
How to help your cat with aching joints
I am stubborn when it comes to prescription medicines for myself, so I am no different when it comes to my pets. I ALWAYS seek the most natural way to help heal first. I was already doing a great job with his diet, but he needed some help. When I finally realized that he needed help, I turned to my friends at Global Pet Foods.
I want to thank JP Rioux, manager of the Dieppe store, for helping me. I was a mess when I went in for help. He suggested chicken-flavoured Dr. Maggie Extra Strength Joint Formula (which I break in half and crush into his food) and Feline Omega 3 (fish oil, which Minuit adores).
I watched him like a hawk for the first day. He slept right beside me most of the night and in the morning his back was no longer arched and he began to sit again instead of instantly lying down after coming to a stop. Today is day 3 as I write this, and he is back to climbing stairs quickly.
Hallelujah! It’s working!
Don’t worry, if he isn’t back to his playful self in a week or two I will take him to the vet to rule out anything else, but he’s getting back to his chatty catty self (something I never thought I’d be happy to hear) and he just brought the ball to me to play for the first time in weeks!
Another possible treatment is acupuncture. Definitely something I may consider exploring as he ages. The most common veterinary treatment is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs like ibuprofen, but for kitties), but I think about how hard it is on the digestive system, so it would be a last resort for us..
Although he’s older than I thought, I plan to give my boy-o the best senior years I possibly can. He’s definitely worth this small price for the level of love he so freely offers.
1. Arthritis and degenerative joint disease in cats, International Cat Care
2. Cats with arthritis
3. Arthritis and degenerative joint disease in cats, International Cat Care